# Aragorn’s Story

Time Limit: 10000/3000 MS (Java/Others) Memory Limit: 32768/32768 K (Java/Others)

## Problem Description

Our protagonist is the handsome human prince Aragorn comes from The Lord of the Rings. One day Aragorn finds a lot of enemies who want to invade his kingdom. As Aragorn knows, the enemy has N camps out of his kingdom and M edges connect them. It is guaranteed that for any two camps, there is one and only one path connect them. At first Aragorn know the number of enemies in every camp. But the enemy is cunning , they will increase or decrease the number of soldiers in camps. Every time the enemy change the number of soldiers, they will set two camps C1 and C2. Then, for C1, C2 and all camps on the path from C1 to C2, they will increase or decrease K soldiers to these camps. Now Aragorn wants to know the number of soldiers in some particular camps real-time.

## Input

Multiple test cases, process to the end of input.

For each case, The first line contains three integers N, M, P which means there will be N(1 ≤ N ≤ 50000) camps, M(M = N-1) edges and P(1 ≤ P ≤ 100000) operations. The number of camps starts from 1.

The next line contains N integers A1, A2, …AN(0 ≤ Ai ≤ 1000), means at first in camp-i has Ai enemies.

The next M lines contains two integers u and v for each, denotes that there is an edge connects camp-u and camp-v.

The next P lines will start with a capital letter ‘I’, ‘D’ or ‘Q’ for each line.

‘I’, followed by three integers C1, C2 and K( 0≤K≤1000), which means for camp C1, C2 and all camps on the path from C1 to C2, increase K soldiers to these camps.

‘D’, followed by three integers C1, C2 and K( 0≤K≤1000), which means for camp C1, C2 and all camps on the path from C1 to C2, decrease K soldiers to these camps.

‘Q’, followed by one integer C, which is a query and means Aragorn wants to know the number of enemies in camp C at that time.

## Output

For each query, you need to output the actually number of enemies in the specified camp.

## Sample Input

3 2 5

1 2 3

2 1

2 3

I 1 3 5

Q 2

D 1 2 2

Q 1

Q 3

## Sample Output

7

4

8

## Hint

1.The number of enemies may be negative.

2.Huge input, be careful.

## 分析

### 解1：动态树

动态维护树中路径上点的边权值。

两个点之间的路径只要找到最近公共祖先即可

主要还是找LCA这块，动态树中的这个操作是改造一下access，然后注意各标志的下放。

### 教训

跟上一次一样，也是TLE了很久，关键在于上组数据的状态量没有清理干净，重点是father和sons没有清空，结果就被坑了很久。

下次尤其注意！！

1 | /* *********************************************** |

### 解2：树链剖分

由于这里的树结构是固定不变的，因此也可以使用树链剖分来做。

### 教训

……DFS剖分爆栈的问题还是比较严重啊……T_T……也是第一次写，没经验，差错查了好久，用BFS代替之

1 | /* *********************************************** |